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Mumps Outbreak Hits Kerala : Know Symptoms and Prevention Measures

In Kerala, a significant Mumps outbreak is posing a serious health threat, particularly to children. The surge in cases demands urgent attention and proactive measures to mitigate its impact. In this article, we will learn about the early symptoms and the preventive measures.

After the emergence of Mumps viral infection in Kerala, the number of patients has risen to 2,505. Within just two months, Kerala has seen 11 thousand cases of Mumps virus infection. In response to the rising measles infections in Kerala, the National Center for Disease Control has issued specific guidelines. Additionally, the Health Department has initiated surveillance of this disease. Let us understand the symptoms of Mumps and what to do first after infection.

What is Mumps Viral Infection?

According to Only My Health, Mumps a type of viral infection that affects the parotid glands in the cheeks, which produce saliva. This infection causes swelling in the cheeks and alters facial appearance. Mumps infection also results in severe neck pain. It can affect individuals of any age, but children are more susceptible.

Causes of Mumps Virus

According to Dr. Suresh Kumar Panuganti, Lead Consultant in Pediatric Critical Care and Pediatrics at Yashoda Hospitals, Hyderabad, this infection spreads by contact with an infected person.

Symptoms of MumpsĀ 

The symptoms of this disease appear on the body within 2-3 weeks.

Difficulty swallowing
Dry mouth
Severe joint pain
Fever
Intense headache
Muscle pain
Lack of appetite
Persistent fatigue
Swelling in the glands near the cheeks
Swelling in the salivary glands
Orchitis – Testicular swelling that may rarely lead to infertility
Aseptic meningitis – Swelling of the brain coverings known as meningitis
Encephalitis – Brain infection which can be fatal

Mumps Prevention

Vaccination is the easiest way to prevent Mumps. The MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) vaccine is typically given to children in two doses. The first dose is administered at 9 months of age, the second at 15 months, and a booster dose at 4-6 years. This vaccine is readily available and cost-effective. It not only protects against measles but also against mumps and rubella. This vaccination is the most effective way to prevent Mumps outbreaks and safeguard public health.

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