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World Blood Donor Day 2024: Why is World Blood Donor Day celebrated, know the history and theme of this year

World Blood Donor Day 2024: Every year, World Blood Donor Day is celebrated on June 14th worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared this day as World Blood Donor Day to encourage people for blood donation and raise awareness about the need for blood products. The establishment of this day in 2004 aimed to promote awareness about blood donation and its importance.

Why is World Blood Donor Day Celebrated?

June 14th marks the birthday of Nobel Prize winner Karl Landsteiner. He was a scientist who discovered the ABO blood group system. Hence, his birthday is celebrated as World Blood Donor Day to honor his contribution to the field of blood transfusion. Before his discovery, blood transfusion was done without knowledge of blood groups. When Karl Landsteiner made this discovery, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1930.

What is the Theme for This Year?

The theme for World Blood Donor Day is “Celebrating 20 Years of Giving Thanks to Blood Donors!”

History of World Blood Donor Day:

In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, first observed World Blood Donor Day. It serves as a tribute to Karl Landsteiner, who was honored with the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the ABO blood group system. This day is one of the official global public health campaigns initiated by the WHO.

The Importance of World Blood Donor Day 2024:

This day aims to raise awareness about the need for safe blood and blood products. It also focuses on acknowledging the contribution of voluntary blood donors and supporting non-governmental organizations involved in blood donation campaigns and national blood donation services.

Who Can Donate Blood?

Anyone who is generally fit and meets the eligibility criteria can donate blood.

You can donate blood if you are:

  • Between 17 and 65 years old.
  • Weigh between 50 kg and 158 kg.
  • Have suitable veins (which will be checked before donation).
  • Fulfill all donor eligibility criteria.
  • Generally fit and well.

Who Cannot Donate Blood?

Blood taken from an ineligible donor can not only be harmful to the recipient but can also jeopardize the health of the blood donor.

You cannot donate blood if you:

  • Have most types of cancer.
  • Have certain heart conditions.
  • Received blood, platelets, plasma, or any other blood product since January 1, 1980.
  • Tested positive for HIV.
  • Have had an organ transplant.
  • Are a carrier of hepatitis B or C.
  • Have taken non-prescription drugs, including bodybuilding and injection agents, within the specified period, unless prescribed by a doctor.

Even if these were prescribed by a doctor, you may still be eligible to donate.

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